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Psychology: summary of Psychological tests and assessments

psicologia - 心理学
この記事は約11分で読めます。

with Italian translation.

MMPI = Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

Overview of MMPI

This is a personality inventory developed by the University of Minnesota psychologist Hathaway and psychiatrist McKinley since the late 1930s. Today, it is rarely used for this purpose and is an assessment tool for gaining clinical personality characteristics and interventions.
It consists of 550 items, and answers “applicable” or “not applicable” regarding mental and physical health, family, education, sex, society, etc.
There are three types of scales: validity scale, clinical scale and additional scale.
Used for people over 16 years old.

The following is the clinical scale (Scale di base del MMPI).

HS means hypochondriasis, and the number of items is 33. Evaluate the tendency to ignore mental health and concerns about illness.
D means depression, and the number of items is 60. Evaluate dissatisfaction and maladaptation with the current situation.
HY means hysteria and the number of items is 60. Evaluate how to deal with stress and insight into your emotions.
PD means psychopathic (deviazione psicopatica), and the number of items is 50. Evaluate the tendency to go against people and authority.
MF (mascolinità e femminilità) means male and female, and the number of items is 60. Evaluate how much you have acquired a role in sexuality.
PA (paranoia) means paranoia, and the number of items is 40. Evaluate interpersonal sensitivity.
PT (psicoastenia) means mental weakness, and the number of items is 48. Evaluate neuroticism such as anxiety.
SC (schizofrenia) means schizophrenia, and the number of items is 78. Evaluate control and alienation.
MA (ipomania) means manic state, and the number of items is 46. Evaluate activity.
SI (introversione sociale) means social introversion, and the number of items is 70. Evaluate the degree of non-participation in interpersonal relationships and social activities.

The following is the Scale di controllo del MMPI.

L (menzogna) means a fictional scale and evaluates whether it answers in a socially desirable direction.
F (frequenza esperienze e pensieri inusuali) stands for frequency scale and evaluates bias and adaptation level.
K (correzione meccanismi difensivi verso i test) means a correction scale and evaluates defensive attitude.

WAIS-R (la scala WAIS-R)

WAIS-R = Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised / Wechsler Adult Intelligence Test Revised Edition

Overview of WAIS-R

Published in 1990, WAIS-R is the only adult personalized test that can diagnose individual differences in intelligence and is highly accurate. The old edition was published in 1958 and is no longer in tune with the times. Useful for diagnosing intellectual disability.
The problem structure is as follows.
Verbal tests include intelligence, singing, words, math, comprehension, and similarities.
The operability test includes purchase completion, painting arrangement, building block pattern, combination, and sign.
At the time of implementation, verbal test and operability test are performed alternately.
When graded, verbal IQ, behavioral IQ, and all laboratory IQ can be calculated.

Matrice di Raven = Raven Color Matrix Inspection

Matrice di Raven = Raven ’s Colored Progressive Matrices

Overview of Matrice di Raven

It is used to measure the intellectual abilities of middle-aged and elderly people and patients with aphasia. However, this is limited to the Japanese version, and the original version also includes children over 5 years old and people with physical disabilities.
Raven has created three types of tests as simple intelligence tests. The oldest was created in 1938. It is extremely easy to carry out and takes about 10 minutes, so it is used as a screening test for intellectual disabilities.

MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination

MMSE = Mini Mental State Examination

It is the most commonly used dementia test in the world. Made by Folstein in 1975. Often used when suspected of having Alzheimer’s disease. It is a screening test.

CAT = Childlen ’s Apperception Test

CAT = Painting Apperception Test

Overview of CAT

Published in 1942 by Morgan and Murray. It is effective for children aged 3 to 10 years and has 10 pictures with animals written on them. With that as the main character, create a story and analyze the story. Evaluate what your desires are and what your pressures are. Specific examples of desires include interpersonal relationships, social relationships, pressure relief, defense and evacuation. Specific examples of pressure include interpersonal relationships, the environment, and internal factors. For adults is TAT, which stands for Thematic Apperception Test.

Similarly, ORT is used after the age of 14, and GAT is for the elderly.

WISC = Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

WISC = Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

Overview of WISC

Used for children 6 to 16 years old. It is divided into a verbal test and a performance test. In most cases, you will need to do another seduta after a week. It takes about 1 hour. It is used in many countries including Europe and the United States. If intellectual disability is suspected, start with the first question, otherwise the starting number will vary depending on age. All child reactions during the test should be accurately recorded and should not be made visible to the child.

Big Five overview

It is a classification method of personality characteristics based on a common language descriptor. Personality traits are openness, integrity, extroversion, coordination, and neurotic tendencies. It was improved in 1961. BFQ-C is a Big Five used for children and students.

Overview of CDQ

CDQ stands for Conscious Defensiveness Questionnaire. By answering frankly, conscious defense is measured.

Overview of TAT

TAT is a personality diagnosis method that uses paintings. Abbreviation for thematic apperception test. Clarify personality impulses, emotions, emotions, complexes, and more.

Overview of Rorschach inspection

The Rorschach test (test di Rorschach) is a test for schizophrenia, which examines what kind of figure the ink stain looks like. Ink stains are a material that can show predominant individual differences. There is no “correct” response, and how it looks depends on the subject. And the answer and the process are greatly influenced by the reaction method that is a habit of the individual. In addition, the “hidden part” of the personality can be revealed by this test.

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